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What is Android Operating System for Mobile Phones?

Shalom Solomon

Android since it's creation in 2008 became popular and displaced other popular mobile phone Operating Systems like Nokia's Symbian Operating System. Although, there were other OS that were in the market before it (Android Operating System) was launched, Android has climbed to the top and remained the Number one OS for almost all smartphones.

Examples of other mobile Operating Systems are:
  • Symbian OS - Nokia
  • Bada OS - Samsung
  • iPhone OS/iOS - Apple
  • MeeGo OS - Nokia and Intel
  • WebOS - Palm/Hp
  • Blackberry OS - Research in Motion, etc.
Some of these companies like Samsung have dropped their OS and now use the Android OS for their smart phones.

What is Android Operating System?

Android is an operating system designed for mobile phones and similar devices like tablets. The Android Operating System was designed and developed by Google. It was officially launched in 2008 and has been making waves in the smartphone industry.
Initially Android was developed to work in only mobile phones. The first three versions were only for mobile phones. Subsequent versions were developed later on for only tablets, and then compatible versions for tablets and phones. 

Android has managed to maintain it's position as the number one Operating System for smartphones apart from iPhones of course. A huge contributing factor to this feat is the fact that Android is majorly an open source software, meaning that other developers can also work on it. This quality has made the development of Android apps very easy and popular.
In 2020, there were over 2.95 million Android apps on Google Play Store. This massive mobile app collection has made Android OS an ecosystem of it's own right. 

Another contributing factor to the relevance of the Android OS is that, Android is consistently updated and new versions are developed regularly to meet the growing and changing needs of smart phone users.
One funny tidbit about Android OS is that most of the versions were named after sweets and pastries. Below are all the versions of Android OS from it's first development till present.

Photo Credit: Pixabay

1. Version 1.0: No codename
API level: 1
Release date: September 23, 2008

2. Version1.1: No codename
API level: 2
Release date: February 9, 2009

3. Version 1.5: Cupcake
API level: 3
Release date: April 27, 2009

4. Version 1.6: Donut
API level: 4
Release date: September 15, 2009

5. Version 2.0 - 2.1: Eclair
API level: 5 - 7
Release date: October 26, 2009

6. Version 2.2 - 2.2.3: Froyo
API level: 8
Release date: May 20, 2010

7. Version: 2.3 - 2.3.7: Gingerbread
API level: 9 - 10
Release date: December 6, 2010

8. Version 3.0 - 3.2.6: Honeycomb
API level: 11 - 13
Release date: February 22, 2011

9. Version 4.0 - 4.0.4: Ice Cream and Sandwich
API level: 14 - 15
Release date: October 18, 2011

10. Version 4.1 - 4.3.1: Jelly Bean
API level: 16 - 18
Release date: July 9, 2012

11. Version 4.4 - 4.4.4: KitKat
API level: 19 - 20
Release date: October 31, 2013

12. Version 5.0 - 5.1.1: Lollipop
API level: 21- 22
Release date: November 12, 2014

13. Version 6.0 - 6.0.1: Marshmallow
API level: 23
Release date: October 5, 2015

14. Version 7.0: Nougat
API level: 24
Release date: August 22, 2016

15. Version 7.1.0 - 7.1.2: Nougat
API level: 25
Release date: October 4, 2016

16. Version 8.0: Oreo
API level: 26
Release date: August 21, 2017

17. Version 8.1: Oreo
API level: 27
Release date: December 5, 2017

18. Version 9.0: Pie
API level: 28
Release date: August 6, 2018

19. Version 10.0: Android 10
API level: 29
Release date: September 3, 2019

20. Version 11: Android 11
API level: 30
Release date: September 8, 2020


Jhon Doe

- 20 October, 2018

Lorem ipsum dolor sit, amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Accusamus numquam assumenda hic aliquam vero sequi velit molestias doloremque molestiae dicta?

Jhon Doe

- 20 October, 2018

Lorem ipsum dolor sit, amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Accusamus numquam assumenda hic aliquam vero sequi velit molestias doloremque molestiae dicta?

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